Research by Brian Rodriguez, Edited by Linda Stewart, November 2, 2019
In the ongoing research as to the identity of Jana Inglis, my research is intended to help determine when and where she and her family emigrated from in the old country, i.e. Scotland, since Inglis is a Scottish name. From surviving records, the Inglis clan were part of the Presbyterian Covenanters. The Covenanters were people in Scotland who signed the National Covenant in 1638, that confirmed their opposition to the interference by the Stuart kings in the affairs of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland.
The Stuart kings of Scotland, as well as King Charles I and II of England, and the European kings, believed that God wished them to be the infallible rulers of their kingdom and the spiritual heads of the Church. The Covenanters rejected the monarchy’s role as the spiritual head of the Church because they believed that no man, not even a king, could assume that spiritual headship. That only Jesus Christ could be the spiritual head of a Christian church. Thus began the Covenant struggle. By signing the National Covenant or the Confession of Faith, they came under direct opposition of the ruling monarch.
This period in history was marked by severe oppression. Ministers who even sympathized with the Covenanters were dismissed from their churches by the authorities (see 27 Sep 1648 timeline below). Many continued to preach in secret knowing it was an offence punishable by death or they might be imprisoned or could be banished to the colonies as slaves. Individuals who did not attend their local established Episcopalian churches were regarded as rebels, could be heavily fined, questioned and even tortured.
As years passed, other outraged citizens became involved, and battles took place against Government troops. In 1678, the Government raised an army of 6,000 Highlanders to kill the Presbyterian lowlanders in the west and south of Scotland. This was known as the “Killing Time” in Scotland. To escape the ongoing persecution, many of the Presbyterian Covenanters emigrated to the America.
In the early records of Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey, we find individuals of Scottish descent interacting with the Paschall, Parker, and Dennis families.
As a recap of previous Jana Inglis research, the following premise has already been established by Clarence McDaniel regarding Jana and her relationship with William Paschall (of North Carolina Land Grants):
- William Paschall, C-line, was born about 1704, married Reliance Dennis, the daughter of Samuel Dennis.1 William died in Aug 1774 in Bute County, North Carolina.2 During his 1777 North Carolina Court Minutes estate account, there was a sermon by a noted Presbyterian minister, Henry Pattillo.3 (This note on the sermon is circumstantial evidence that there is a connection to Scottish Presbyterianism.)
- William and James Clarkson were acquainted as indicated by a lawsuit. William Paschall v James Clarkson, Case Type: Tresspass on the Case (Assumpsit; £12), County: Middlesex, Date: 1737.4
- William was related (son, nephew, cousin, in-law, adopted) to Jana (Janna, Joanna, Yanna) Inglis.5
- Jana was born about 1674, died 1 January 1744, and was buried in the First Presbyterian Churchyard, Woodbridge, NJ, Plot: 6-7 DE, Tombstone Inscription: 70 years.6 Jana was supposedly married 3 times (Paschal, Parker, and Paine), but we only have proof of 2 marriages (see item #5 below). She had at least 5 sons, William Paschal and Samuel, John, James, and Elisha Parker with Samuel Parker.5,7
- Jana’s 2nd marriage was to Samuel Parker, the son of Elisha Parker and Elizabeth Hinckley, and her third marriage was to Nathanial Paine/Payne.7,8
- Jana, educated and of a high class, may have been related to a Covenanter Presbyterian minister in Scotland who was killed during the “Killing Time” in Scotland, 1684-1685, during the reign of Charles II in England.9
- Jana may be an assumed name that she used to hide her identity.9
- Jana was an innkeeper in Woodbridge, Middlesex County, New Jersey in 1734.5
- The following circumstances make Thomas a likely candidate as Jana’s brother, as he lived in the same county in New Jersey, and was a witness for her: Thomas Inglis, an innkeeper in Perth Amboy, Middlesex County, New Jersey, married to Mary.10 He was a witness to one of Jana’s son, John Parker, indenture in 1723.11 He also helped establish the Presbyterian Church in Perth Amboy in 1731.12
Clarence has also previously stated what we do not know about Jana Inglis:
- Where she was born.13
- Her heritage.13
- The names of her parents.13
- The names of her siblings.13
- Her date of arrival in New Jersey.9
- The relationship of Thomas Inglis who was witness to her son John Parker’s apprenticeship.13
- The name of Mr. Paschall, her first husband.13
- The marriage dates of any of her marriages.13
Additional evidence of the Presbyterian Covenanter connection includes the following:
From Volume 2 of Genealogies of New Jersey Families, we find a James Clarkson who was persecuted in Scotland for being a Presbyterian, was arrested, imprisoned, and left Scotland for Woodbridge, NJ and bought land from Joseph Dennis, Robert, and Samuel Dennis in Woodbridge in 1687, and was buried in the Woodbridge Presbyterian Graveyard. He also served with Elisha Parker in the Middlesex County Court. On October 8, 1687, James Clarkson’s personal estate was inventoried by Samuel Moore and Samuel Dennis, in Woodbridge, NJ (see the Clarkson timeline below). The persons mentioned above with underlined names all knew each other very well, and this network of friends and family to Jana Inglis is a key component in revealing the Scotland connection to William Paschall.
Samuel Moore was also a witness in one of Jana’s land transactions.14
Samuel Moore and Samuel Dennis were brother-in-laws.15
James Clarkson served with Elisha Parker, Jana’s father-in-law.16
Note: identification numbers appearing after the surname refer to the generation found in the timelines below.
”You have a person, James Clarkson (C2), who immigrated with his father, James Clarkson (C1), from a location in Scotland, and whose son, John Clarkson (C3) was neighbor/friend of William, C-line. At William’s trial in 1737, the sheriff was James Clarkson (C3). On 12 May 1730, John Clarkson (C3) signed as witness to William’s 100a deed in Essex Co (Elizabethtown). John Clarkson (C3) was the son of James Clarkson (C2), who migrated to Woodbridge in 1685 along with his father, James Clarkson (C1). All these were victims of Charles II. I found a Thomas Inglis (I1), who died on board a prison ship that floundered and sank; Prisoners were caged below deck and Thomas was drowned; his home was Linlithgow Co. All this is too much of a coincidence to be unrelated. The son, James and William were very much friends. Jana was likely from the same area in Scotland.” (Clarence McDaniel, pers. comm. 4/16/2019).
James Clarkson (C1) was born in Lanark, Scotland and moved to Linlithgow, Scotland sometime before 1662.17 James was imprisoned in Edinburgh thrice and sentenced the third time to the Plantations in America in 1685.17,18,19,20 He escaped and bought land in Woodbridge, New Jersey in 1685.17
We can’t be 100% certain that a Covenanter Presbyterian minister, Thomas Inglis (I1) from Lanark, Scotland (see timelines below), was related to Jana, because there were scant records taken at that post-Reformation time in history, post-1560 in Scotland (post-1638 when the Covenant was signed by Presbyterian ministers in Scotland). Indeed, about the only records taken and preserved with care were church baptismal, marriage, and death records if you belonged to the Church of England, or if you were in trouble with the Church of England or the civil law. Clarence has already established that Jana went to great lengths to conceal her family’s origins and how she came into possession of a 1566 Bible, which back then only clergy or the wealthy would be in possession of.9 There were no Presbyterian church records preserved by the Covenanter Presbyterians during the late 1600’s that I am aware of nor would there likely be any. Clarence already established that the Clarkson’s and the Inglis’ knew each other in America and a preponderance of evidence (see the Clarkson and Inglis timelines below) suggests that their respective families were persecuted by the Church of England for refusing to swear allegiance to the King of England or the Church of England in the late 1600’s. While this is not a definite ID of Jana’s parents, it is not unreasonable to assume that Thomas Inglis (I1) knew James Clarkson (C1) since they both lived in Lanark County at the same time (about 1642-1648). In 1648, Thomas Inglis (I1) moved to Linlithgow and James Clarkson (C1) also moved to Linlithgow sometime before 1662 (see James Clarkson (C1) and Thomas Inglis (I1) timelines below). A careful review of the timelines given below suggests to me that Jana’s grandfather, a persecuted Covenanter Presbyterian minister, named Thomas Inglis (I1), was from Lanark County, Scotland, and her father, a persecuted shoemaker, named Thomas Inglis (I2), was from Lanark County, the same county as where James Clarkson (C1) was from. While there were other Covenanter Presbyterian Inglis’, I haven’t found any that were clergy that fit the narrative of being persecuted for preaching God’s Word not sanctioned by the Church of England.
A possible record of Jana’s arrival in America before settling in Woodbridge, NJ is the following record:
1698 September, Yanhana Inglish (Jana?), Chester, Pennsylvania, charged with fornication & bastardy.21
Answers (in italics) to Clarence’s previous statements on what we do not know about Jana Inglis:
- Where she was born (Lanark?, Scotland).22,23,24
- Her heritage (Scottish).22,23,24
- The names of her parents (Thomas Inglis and Elizabeth Whyte?).24
- The names of her siblings (Thomas and Agnes?).24
- Her date of arrival in New Jersey (about 1699?).21 (in America about 1684-1685; Thomas Inglis (I2) died in Oct 1683).24 (Note – Elizabeth Inglis (I2) was a widow in Oct 1683, see Elizabeth Inglis (I2) timeline below; also see the Note near the end of the timelines below on potential relative, John Inglis, who arrived in American in 1685 as an indentured servant).
- The relationship of Thomas Inglis who was witness to her son John Parker’s apprenticeship (likely her brother).9
- The name of Mr. Paschall, her first husband (possibly Isaiah? or William Isaiah?).25
- The marriage dates of any of her marriages (???).
The answers given above are circumstantial and they may be wrong; it is possible that Jana Inglis is not related to the Thomas Inglis of Lanark, Scotland, but the circumstances and timing surrounding the convicted Presbyterian minister, Thomas Inglis, provide the best fit to reasons why Jana would even be in possession of a rare 1566 Bible that would also have a page (of names?) carefully cut out along with her efforts to conceal her family’s origins. Without more records we can’t be 100% certain of any of the answers given above – we need more records, but how plentiful or scarce are any remaining records yet found to be found by searchers, either online or locally?
Further research is needed on:
- was Jana’s grandfather a minister in the Church of England before 1638 and then defected to the Presbyterian church in Scotland? A search is needed of England records for all Thomas English/Inglis
- are the other Lanark County Inglis Covenanters all related? (see Other Inglis Covenanter timelines below)
- Jana’s arrival in America (was it Pennsylvania, New Jersey, or perhaps New York?)
- the given name of Mr. Paschall
- there are no Paschall’s listed in the Covenanters Index; where was Mr. Paschall born? America? Scotland? England? (Kent?, Bristol?)
- Jana’s name may have been an assumed name to protect her identity in America; was her real name Dianna?9
- her life from her entry into the USA to her death
The timelines for these individuals and events appear below.
James Clarkson (C1) timeline
- abt. 1635, James Clarkson, Lanark.17
- bef. 1662, James Clarkson, removed to Linlithgow.17
- abt. 1662, James Clarkson, m. Agnes Collen, Linlithgow, youngest child of Abram Collen, Linlithgow merchant, and Elizabeth Robeson.17
- 12 May 1670, James Clarkson, arrested, tried, and sent to Edinburgh prison.17
- 04 Sep 1679, James Clarkson, Bathgate, Linlithgow County, accused of May 1679 rebellion at Bothwell Bridge.18
- 09 Dec 1680, James Clarkson, Bathgate, Linlithgow County, Edinburgh prisoner, took the bond, case remitted.18
- 1681, James Clarkson, Linlithgow, persisted in rebellious courses (Conventicles).20
- May 1682 – 20 May 1683, James Clarkson, Linlithgow, prisoner, sp. Agnes Collein.19
- 20 Nov 1683, James Clarkson, Edinburgh prison.17
- bef. Jan 1685, James Clarkson, Linlithgow, sentenced to the Plantations in America.20
- 17 Feb 1685, James Clarkson, released from Edinburgh prison.17
- bef. 25 Mar 1685, James Clarkson, arrived in Woodbridge, NJ.17
- 10 Jun 1685, James Clarkson, land purchase, Woodbridge.17
- bef. Nov 1685, James Clarkson, Linlithgow, certificate of landing to the Plantations in America.20
- bef. 08 Oct 1687, James Clarkson, Woodbridge.17
- 08 Oct 1687, inventory personal estate by Samuel Moore and Samuel Dennis, Woodbridge.17
James Clarkson (C2) timeline
- abt. 1666, James Clarkson, younger, Linlithgow, Scotland.16
- 8 Nov 1666, James Clarkson, younger, baptized, Linlithgow, Scotland.16
- 20 Nov 1683, James Clarkson, younger, fugitive.19
- 27 May 1684, James Clarkson, Linlithgow, prisoner in Canongate, banished for Bothwell Bridge rising.26
- 03 Mar 1693/4, James Clarkson, younger, land purchase, Woodbridge, NJ, from Joseph Dennis.16
- 06 Aug 1699, land purchase, from Samuel Dennis.16
- 28 Jan 1713/4, town account committee with Capt. Elisha Parker, Judge of Middlesex County Court.16
- 30 Dec 1729, Woodbridge Presbyterian graveyard, NJ.16
James Clarkson (C3) timeline27
- 01 Mar 1687/8, Woodbridge, NJ.
- owner of the Clarkson-Codington-Gilman Bible.
- abt. 1708-1744/5, Society of Friends (Quaker), Woodbridge.
- 1715 member NJ Militia Regiment commanded by Col. Thomas Farmer.
- 21 Jan 1733/4, co-administrator with brother John and sister Agnes of brother Robert’s estate.
- 1740, out of Quaker unity.
- 05 Feb 1744/5, Woodbridge, Elizabeth (Dennis?) Coddington, widow of John Coddington, out of Quaker unity, only 2 or 3 months after death of 1st wife. This Elizabeth may have been Elizabeth Dennis, b. 08 Jan 1678/9, Woodbridge, eldest child of Jonathan Dennis and Rachel Moore.
- 21 Jan 1744/5, disowned by Society of Friends (Quaker), Woodbridge.
- aft. 10 Feb 1759.
John Clarkson (C3) timeline28
- abt. 1690, Woodbridge, NJ.
- abt. Mar 1714/5, Piscataway, NJ, Bethia FitzRandolph, b. 20 Sep 1695, Piscataway, child of Joseph FitzRandolph and Joanna (or Hannah) Conger, d. 02 Sep 1757, Woodbridge.
- abt. 1725, deeded to James3 1/2 of Lot 48 in 5th division of land in Woodbridge.
- 21 Jan 1733/4, co-administrator with brother James and sister Agnes of brother Robert’s estate.
- 08 Nov 1757, Woodbridge, buried at Piscataway with Bethia.
Robert Clarkson (C3) timeline29
- abt. 1694, Woodbridge, NJ.
- no known wife or children.
- 1715 member NJ Militia Regiment commanded by Col. Thomas Farmer.
- 15 Jan 1733/4, Woodbridge Presbyterian graveyard.
Agnes Clarkson (C3) timeline30
- abt. 1700, Woodbridge, NJ.
- 1723, (1) Thomas Presgrove, Woodbridge, d. 09 Jun 1730.
- 21 Jan 1733/4, co-administrator with brothers John and James of brother Robert’s estate.
- 1734, (2) Andrew Hay of Perth Amboy, also a Scots immigrant who settled in Perth Amboy bef. 1724, d. aft. 06 Aug 1739 and bef. 14 Jan 1740.
- 25 May 1743, James Brown, Woodbridge, b. 08 Nov 1693, Woodbridge, d. 19 Oct 1761, Woodbridge Presbyterian graveyard, son of George Brown and Annabel (Gordon) Knox who came from Scotland to Woodbridge abt. 1685.
- aft. 14 Oct 1761.
The next three timelines represent the Scotland Thomas Inglis records I found in both the Covenanters Index, various online documents, and in hardbound library books.
Thomas Inglis (I1) (Jana’s grandfather?) timeline
“I think he is the one that drowned a prisoner on board a ship that floundered during a storm. He fits my idea of Jana’s life and tribulations. The ship was carrying them in the hold. They were known from the list on boarding. Banished to America; sunk just offshore in Scotland. This would make his family fugitives and they had to leave Scotland. These later were termed criminals here.” (Clarence McDaniel, pers. comm. 5/3/2019)
- 1638 Covenant signed
- 1639-40, Bishops’ Wars between Covenanters and Royalists of Charles I
- 1641 and 1649 – Marriage Acts reflect Presbyterian control in Scotland (was Thomas Inglis’ surname English in the Church of England prior to 1641?)
- 1642, Thomas Inglis, Glasgow; licen. by Presb. of Lanark.24
- 26 Apr 1648, Thomas Inglis, Linlithgow, minister, ordained.23
- 26 Apr 1648, Thomas Inglis, Linlithgow, minister, ordained to 2nd Charge.24
- 27 Sep 1648, Thomas Inglis, Linlithgow, minister, deposed for not preaching against the unlawful Engagement.23
- 27 Sep 1648, Thomas Inglis, Linlithgow, minister, deposed for His Majesty’s release from prison.31
- 29 June 1649, Thomas Inglis, Linlithgow, Linlithgow County, late minister, deposed.32
- 1653– Scotland in union with England
- 12 Jan 1654, Thomas Inglis, Linlithgow, minister, restored.23
- May 1654, Thomas Inglis, formerly of Linlithgow, adm. to Whittingehame.33
- May 1654, Thomas Inglis, Linlithgow, minister, restored.31
- May 1654, Thomas Inglis, Linlithgow, minister, trans. to Whittingehame.24
- 24 July 1654, Thomas Inglis, formerly of Linlithgow, approved for the Plantation of Churches.33
- 1660 – Charles II restoration of the Monarchy and bishops
- 1661 and 1672 – marriage laws reflecting Episcopalian supremacy
- 1661, Thomas Inglis, Whittingham, minister.31
- 13 July 1661, Thomas Inglis, pres. by Charles II.24
- 18-25 Sep 1661, Thomas Inglis, formerly of Linlithgow, trans. to Sprouston.33
- 18-25 Sep 1661, Thomas Inglis, adm.24
- 10 Dec 1672, Thomas Inglis, had confirmation of Thurston with Thomas Dalrymple, apothecary, Edinburgh.24
- 10 Dec 1679, Thomas Inglis, Livingston parish, died as prisoner on shipwreck.34
- 10 Dec 1679, Thomas Inglis, Livingston parish, Linlithgow County, listed by John Henderson Thomson in “A cloud of Witnesses for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ” as one of those banished who lost his life in a shipwreck at the Moul Head of Deerness in Orkney.35
Thomas Inglis (I2) (Jana’s father?) timeline
- 1679, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, fugitives for rebellion.36
- 1680, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, forfeiture.37
- 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, ministers in the rebellion.36
- 08 Jan 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, charged to appear in Edinburgh on March 14th for treasonable crimes.36
- Mar 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark County, indicted for rebellion.36
- Mar 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, rebel ministers.36
- 11 Mar 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, rebel ministers cited to appear in Edinburgh on March 14th.36
- 11 Mar 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, denounced rebel with all goods & gear to be confiscated.36
- 11 Mar 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, ministers charged to appear before the Justices on March 14th.36
- 14 Mar 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, tried at Edinburgh, denounced rebel.36
- 21 Mar 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, burnt Acts of Parliament on May 29, 1679, marched to Bothwell bridge and camped at Hamilton in June 1679 until routed and fled.36
- 21 Mar 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, forfeiture.36
- 21 Mar 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, forfeiture for the 1679 rebellion.36
- 21 Mar 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, 1679 rebellion, tried at Edinburgh, guilty, to be executed when apprehended.36
- 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, guilty of 1679 rebellion; to be executed.36
- 26 Mar 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, forfeiture for the 1679 rebellion.36
- 8 Oct 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, William Duke of Hamilton commissioned to pursue him to death.36
- 8 Oct 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, forfeit their lives, lands, and goods.36
- 8 Oct 1681, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, fugitive of Bothwell Bridge rebellion.22
- 1682, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, list of rebels given by Major White to the Justiciary Court.36
- 14 Jun 1682, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, criminal letters in Glasgow against rebels.36
- 16 Jun 1682, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, denounced rebel; all his lands, goods, and gear forfeited and confiscated.36
- 16 Jun 1682, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, indicted for treasonable crimes in Glasgow; called to appear at Edinburgh; denounced rebels and all their lands, goods, and gear forfeited and confiscated October 19, 1683.36
- 3 Oct 1683 – 25 Oct 1683, m. Elizabeth Whyte, ch.: Thomas, apothecary, Kelso; Jean; Agnes.24
- 05 Dec 1683, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, letters of horning against the inhabitants and ministers of Lanark to pay fine of 6000 merks on January, 1 1684 and all their lands, goods, and gear forfeited and confiscated.36
- 05 May 1684, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, denounced fugitives for the 1679 Rebellion.36
- 27 May 1684, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, his real rent; evidence taken from John Inglis, shoemaker in Lanark.36
- 1688, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County, Act Rescinding the Forefaultures and Fines.36
- 1690, Thomas Inglis, Lanark, forfeiture rescinded.38
Elizabeth Inglis (I2) (Jana’s mother?) timeline
- 25 Oct 1683, Linlithgow, Linlithgow County, widow, a list of such persons in the Burgh & parish of Linlithgow as come not to our Church and other disorders given in to the Bishop of Edinburgh.39
Other Lanark County Inglis (I2) Covenanters (Jana’s uncles?)
(Note: these individuals may be found in the Covenanters Index on the following websites: Ancestry.com, FindMyPast.com, or scotlandspeople.gov.uk)
John and Robert Inglis, Lanark, Lanark County
Robert Inglis, Bothwell, Lanark County
Archibald Inglis, Carluke, Lanark County
Androw and John Inglis, Carnwath, Lanark County
James Inglis, Clydesdale, Lanark County
Alexander Inglis, Covington, Lanark County
William Inglis, Crawford, Lanark County
Alexander, Cornel, James, Robert, and William Inglis, Douglas, Lanark County
John Inglis, Evandale, Lanark County
Michael Inglis, Lamington, Lanark County
John Inglis, Old Monkland, Lanark County
William Inglis, Roberton, Lanark County
James, John, Robert, and William Inglis, Shotts, Lanark County
William Inglis, Wiston, Lanark County
Potential uncle or great uncle: John Inglis was a fugitive born about 1655 in Scotland listed in the Scottish Covenanters Index… who may have been banished to America… arrived in East New Jersey 10 Jan 1685 as an indentured servant by James Johnston.40
Thomas Inglis (I3) (Jana’s brother?) timeline
- b. 1678, d. 3 Oct 1734, Perth Amboy, Middlesex, NJ, buried St. Peters Churchyard, Perth Amboy.41
- died in 1734 in Perth Amboy, Middlesex Co., New Jersey, an innkeeper in Perth Amboy, wife, Mary, Executrix.42
Source Reference End Notes:
- Hutton, Mary Louise M. “Seventeenth Century Colonial Ancestors”, Volume I, National Society Colonial Dames IVII Century, Page 191
- Wills and Estate Papers (Bute County, North Carolina), 1764-1784; Author: North Carolina. Division of Archives and History (Raleigh, North Carolina); Probate Place: Bute, NC
- McDaniel, Clarence. “William Paschall Notes”, 1777 Bute County, North Carolina Court Minutes estate account, http://paschal-paschall.com/Data/xcpas/aqwn02.htm#1, accessed 3/10/2019
- New Jersey Supreme Court Case #29325
- New Jersey Supreme Court Case #41320, 24 May 1734
- Moller, Suzanne. Archivist and Historian, First Presbyterian Church, 600 Rahway Ave., Woodbridge, NJ 07095
- New Jersey, Abstract of Wills, Volume XXIII, 1670-1730, Samuel Parker, p. 353
- New Jersey, Abstract of Wills, Volume XXX, 1730-1750, Nathaniel Paine, p. 366
- McDaniel, Clarence. “Jana” by Clarence McDaniel, http://paschal-paschall.com/jana-inglis-parker-payne-paine/news-from-clarence-mcdaniel/, accessed 3/10/2019
- New Jersey, Abstract of Wills, 1670-1817, Volume XXX, p. 258, 259, Thomas Inglis
- New York Historical Society, Indentures of Apprentices, 1718-1727, Cornell University Library, 2007, p. 160
- Mendenhall, Harlan G. “Presbyterianism in Perth Amboy, New Jersey”. The Perth Amboy Publishing Co., Perth Amboy, NJ. 1903, p. 5
- Stewart, Linda. “Jana” by Linda Stewart, http://paschal-paschall.com/jana-inglis-parker-payne-paine/jana-inglis-paschall-parker-payne/, accessed 3/10/2019
- State of New Jersey Early Land Records, 1650-1900s, C-3 (EJ): Folio 336 (SSTSE023)
- New Jersey, Abstract of Wills, Volume XXIII, 1670-1817, Samuel Moore, Page 324-325
- Klett, Joseph. “Genealogies of New Jersey Families”, 1996, Volume 2, p. 488-489
- ibid, p. 486-487
- “James Clarkson” (C1), https://www.findmypast.com, accessed 6/16/2019
- Brown, P. Hume. “The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland”, 3rd series, 1683-1684, Volume 8, 1915, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.35112103825602&view=1up&seq=9, 632, accessed 5/13/2019
- ibid, 524, accessed 5/13/2019
- Criminal & Prison Record Indexes. Chester County, Pennsylvania Archives and Records, Quarter Sessions Indictments, Docket 1697-1710, Page 16
- Brown, P. Hume. “The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland”, 3rd series, 1681-1682, Volume 7, 1915, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.35112103825594&view=1up&seq=7, 217, accessed 5/16/2019
- Scott, Hew. “Fasti ecclesiae scoticanae: the succession of ministers in the Church of Scotland from the Reformation, Synod of Lothian and Tweeddale”, https://archive.org/details/fastiecclesiaesc01scot, Volume 1, 1914, p. 218, accessed 5/11/2019
- Scott, Hew. “Fasti ecclesiae scoticanae: the succession of ministers in the Church of Scotland from the Reformation, Synods of Merse and Teviotdale Dumfires, and Galloway”, https://archive.org/details/fastiecclesiaesc02scot, Volume 2, 1917, p. 89, accessed 5/11/2019
- McDaniel, Clarence. “Xc PASCHALL Notes”, http://paschal-paschall.com/Data/xcpas/aqwn01.htm#6838, accessed 3/10/2019
- Brown, P. Hume. “The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland”, 3rd series, 1683-1684, Volume 8, 1915, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.35112103825602&view=1up&seq=9, 523-524, accessed 5/13/2019
- Klett, Joseph. “Genealogies of New Jersey Families”, Volume 2, 1996, p. 483, 490, 492-495
- ibid, p. 490, 494
- ibid, p. 491
- ibid, p. 491-492, 494
- Brown, P. Hume. “The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland”, 3rd series, 1661-1664, Volume 1, 1908, https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015073339478&view=1up&seq=7, p. 40, accessed 5/14/2019
- Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707, Parliamentary Register, 29 June 1649, Legislation, 1649/5/171, https://www.rps.ac.uk/trans/1661/1/16, accessed 8/24/2019
- Scott, Hew. “Fasti ecclesiae scoticanae: the succession of ministers in the Church of Scotland from the Reformation, Synod of Lothian and Tweeddale”, https://archive.org/details/fastiecclesiaesc01scot, Volume 1, 1914, p. 426, accessed 5/11/2019
- Jardine, Mark. “Beyond Orkney’s Fatal Shore: The Wreck of The Croune”, https://drmarkjardine.wordpress.com/2016/12/10/beyond-orkneys-fatal-shore-the-wreck-of-the-croune-10-december-1679-history-scotland/, accessed 5/21/2019
- Thomson, John Henderson. “A Cloud of Witnesses for the Royal Prerogatives of Jesus Christ : Being the Last Speeches and Testimonies of Those Who Have Suffered for the Truth in Scotland, Since the Year 1680”, https://archive.org/details/cloudofwitnesses00thom/page/522, accessed 8/25/2019
- “Thomas Inglis” (I2), https://www.findmypast.com, accessed 6/16/2019
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